The style of master cinematographers
This visual comparison of the cinematography of Kubrick and Tarkovsky is interesting. Both in terms of similarities and differences in their approach to similar subject matter.
How should a subject be framed?
How subjects are shown in the frame and positioned in relation to their surroundings greatly impacts how the audience perceives the emotion and story portrayed on screen.
We can see some deliberate decisions in the example shown here. Where the film maker chose a point of view that made us feel like we were in the scene. And other times, as if we were merely observers.
Even the cuts where an actor might gaze at us through the lens of the camera demonstrates some interesting choices related to the type of storytelling Kubrick and Tarkovsky were trying to get across.